It is evident from science that our wellbeing is impaired by urban life. How will this public health emergency be transformed into advertising and government decision-making? According to PubMed, the largest collection of biomedical publications, there are over 135,000 research articles written on air quality and wellbeing. Current urban habits will adversely affect our wellbeing as scientific research is evident. The basic fact that you live in a town does not include such threats, especially when they can be absolutely avoided.
We are faced with a double challenge: to make this evidence freely available to us who are not scientists and ultimately convert it into policy decisions.
There are acts which can be performed by communities in the Effect of urbanization
- Air pollution
Cities designed by cars are polluting and encouraging unsafe habits. Private cars occupy 65% to 70% of the city’s space in India. In order to recuperate public areas for foot and cycling visitors, and reduce air emissions – polluted air that is breathed by 98 percent in the cities in low- and medium-sized revenues and 56 percent in the high-income nations – the World Health Organisation provides a range of town-wide alternatives.
- Noise Pollution
Urban planning also plays an important part in noise control. EU population with a population of over 100,000 must monitor noise emissions through noise maps and take steps to minimize noise emission in the most affected areas. The noise map can be seen here in Barcelona. Popular techniques for noise control include the use of road sound reduction, restriction of volume, reduction of speed limits or promotion of quiet zones such as greenery.
- Physical activity
The absence of physical exercise is the world’s four thing risk factor which can represent up to one in four cases of cancer of breast and colon.
The most realistic and sustainable approach to improve physical fitness is healthy travel – walking or cycling – on a regular basis. A successful infrastructure of public transit encourages and decreases the use of private cars. Green areas are also important in order to encourage healthy physical exercise.
The cities seem to have more temperatures, and in the night the temperatures will climb to as low as 10 degrees. This is called the consequence of the “heat island.”
Heat islands and high temperatures increase deaths, particularly in connection with cardiovascular and air conditions. That is why urban planning must take priority steps to avoid such temperature spikes.
- Natural spaces
It must be green town in the future. Scientific research include multiple health outcomes, including stress-reduction, long life, and increased overall well-being and mental health, as well as urban environments, parks, tree lined streets and woods.
The city must be made up of nature. Natural areas must be a network around the entire metropolitan region, not just in dispersed regions but also for any resident.
Thank you for reading!